Swedish researchers develop a new technique that improves chances on diabetic patients transplantations

diabetes

In today’s Best Doctors blog we would like to report on an innovative technique, which, in the long term, could improve the expectations of sufferers of diabetes. It is a research carried out by a team of Swedish scientists who, as revealed by the progress made so far, could offer new possibilities when performing certain transplants.

The pancreas, responsible for insulin production The pancreas is the organ responsible for manufacturing insulin and producing enzymes which help in the digestion of food and nutrients we eat. Diabetes is, without a doubt, one of the diseases that can create more problems in our pancreas, sometimes resulting in the need for a transplant. In these cases, in which the pancreas in diabetic patients may suffer damage, the new research offers great potential in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. According to figures from the WHO (World Health Organisation), there are more than 347 million diabetics worldwide, while if we turn our Read more

What is valvular heart disease?

In the following video Dr. José Luis Zamorano, Head of the Cardiology Department at Ramón y Cajal Hospital, as well as being medical and scientific advisor of Best Doctors, explains the condition to us in very clear and simple terms. As a result of an ageing population, this disease is becoming more and more frequent.

What is the role of the heart valves? There are four valves in our heart (mitral, aortic, pulmonary and tricuspid) that separate and connect all 4 chambers in which our most vital organ (left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle and right ventricle) is divided. Valvular heart disease, or simply heart valve disease, takes place when one of these valves is impaired and is unable to open well (valvular stenosis) or does not close properly (valvular regurgitation), which in many instances is caused by a degeneration of the valve in people of a certain age. Read more

Artificial cornea transplants, an alternative to other methods

The cornea is a natural, transparent and outer lens, located at the front of our eye that covers the iris, pupil, and the anterior chamber.

It is an ocular tissue which acts as a window and has a number of basic properties for the quality of our vision. The cornea permits the light to enter the eye and it plays an important role in focusing images on the retina, therefore any alteration in its structure has adverse effects on our vision.

At the same time, the cornea becomes by its very nature a layer of protection for the internal ocular structures against possible external threats, whether physical, chemical or as a result of microbes. Artificial corneas: what the future holds As we have previously discussed in other entries on this blog, when it comes to replacing a human tissue we may choose to substitute it with a tissue generated in a laboratory. In this case we will delve into the developments achieved in the creation of artificial corneas which are able to replicate, in the most accurate and effective manner, the structure and Read more