What is asthma?
It is a chronic respiratory disease caused by inflammation of the airways. It is characterised by shortness of breath and wheezing which occur more often in the form of an attack.
The severity of asthma episodes depends largely on the individual patient, but in any case, to improve the patient’s disease status and quality of life it is essential that asthma is controlled through a course of treatment.
What are the causes?
Asthma is often associated with the inhalation of allergens (substances that cause different allergies) by the susceptible part of the population. The following are some of the most common allergens that cause asthma attacks:
- Physical exercise
- Colds and other respiratory tract infections
- Animal hair
- The cold and other changes in the weather
- Chemicals in the air or food
- Tobacco smoke
Furthermore, we must emphasise the fact that asthma triggers may have an emotional origin, since stress or other strong emotions can also bring on an attack.
Some data that may take your breath away
According to the WHO, there are more than 235 million people who suffer from asthma symptoms worldwide. Some forecasts estimate that there will be a 20% increase in asthma deaths over the next decade. We cannot afford to tolerate that a chronic disease with multiple treatment options continues to be on the increase.
The onset of asthma is not influenced by geography or economic development, as it is present in every country in the world, irrespective of the environment and its circumstances.
Treatments to fight against asthma
As we have previously mentioned, it is essential that a specialist make a strict control of the disease. As far as treatment is concerned, there are a number of medications such as inhaled steroids or long-acting bronchodilators that may be helpful. However, it is vital for the patients to avoid exposure to those allergens, which cause asthma episodes.
At Best Doctors we fully support initiatives such as World Asthma Day, to the extent that we help raise awareness among patients, families, citizens and administrations about a disease in which there is much work still to be done.