Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition that begins in childhood and is characterised by difficulty in keeping attention, hyperactivity and clear difficulty in the control of impulses.
This disorder has become a major concern for parents in recent years as it generates severe learning disabilities in children.
A large number of organizations have started a movement to request the establishment of a World Day of Awareness of ADHD. The date chosen by those who are promoting the initiative is this coming 13th of July.
The following figures justify this application. According to a letter of request to the WHO for this day to be held, Dr. Russel A. Barkley, a professor at the Medical University of South Carolina, reported that this psychiatric condition occurs in 5% to 7% of children, and between 4% and 5% of adults worldwide.
Several studies have found that ADHD is, in a large number of cases, the result of genetic factors, although it can also manifest itself if damage occurs in the foetal brain development or, in exceptional cases, as a result of brain damage after birth.
As for the impact of environmental factors in ADHD, it has not been proven to be relevant to the origin of the disease, but they do greatly affect the evolution of the pathology.
Symptoms that make everyday life very difficult
The complex symptoms of ADHD are related to a lack of attention or hyperactivity/impulsivity.
- The patient does not pay close attention to details, or often makes careless mistakes
- The patient has trouble concentrating or sustaining attention
- The patient does not follow instructions or leaves tasks unfinished
- The patient shows signs of organisational difficulties
- The patient avoids tasks that require sustained mental effort
Symptoms of hyperactivity or impulsivity
- The patient moves their hands and feet continuously and has problems with prolonged sitting
- The patient runs about or climbs in any situation
- The patient presents difficulties when participating in quiet leisure activities
It is not all bad news
Fortunately, ADHD happens to be one of the psychiatric illnesses that offer a better chance of success when it comes to its treatment. Not surprisingly, between 75% and 90% of patients respond positively to the different treatments.
There are 3 pillars in dealing with ADHD: comprehensive information to parents and teachers, prescription drugs and psychopedagogical treatment.
Depending on each specific diagnosis, the specialists define the particular treatment, whose objectives should be (the following):
- Alleviate the symptoms
- Reduce the risk of complications
- Educate the patient and their family about ADHD
- Adapt the environment to the patient’s specific needs
When you are faced with such a disease, we at Best Doctors recommend that you pay special attention to the diagnosis and, if you have any doubt, seek a second opinion from one of the best specialists in the world.