Disease and genetic inheritance

Today we are going to comment on the Best Doctors Blog about the close relationship between some diseases and the genetic inheritance that parents pass on to their children through their genes.

It is safe to say that genes are the cornerstone of genetic inheritance, in so far as they contain our DNA, which in turn determines the instructions for making proteins in our body. Proteins carry out most of the functions within our cells: building structures, moving molecules and decomposing different types of toxins – to name but a few activities.

What is DNA? Deoxyribonucleic acid (abbreviated as DNA) is a nucleic acid whose content contains the genetic instructions used in the development of all living organisms that we know of. If we address the nature of the deoxyribonucleic acid molecule, we will find that its natural purpose is the long-term conservation of genetic information. As far as its structure is concerned, DNA takes the form of a double helix in which the information is stored as a code made up of four chemical bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C) and thymine (T). Now that we have learnt a little more about what Read more

Mental illness – the invisible disease

If there is one thing on which all of us who work in the health sector agree on, in one way or another, it is how difficult for us to open up and talk about mental illness and to make society understand that it is a group of diseases just as hard or disabling as other diseases that we have commented on in the Best Doctors Blog.

The symptoms of cancer, hepatitis or a simple broken bone are easy to notice and identify with a disease. However, the problem with mental health is that, from our society’s point of view, we are still a long way off from understanding it, taking responsibility for it as well as comprehending the ordeal that the patients and their families have to go through.

Information we need to keep in mind Approximately 50% of mental disorders in the patient appear before they reach the age of 14. The figures show that 1 in 5 children and adolescents in the world has some kind of mental problem. There is an important fact that we should not overlook - the number of people under the age of 19 with this type of disorders is higher in those countries where there is a lack of mental health resources. In fact, there are many countries in which there is only one child psychiatrist for more than a million inhabitants. This is, Read more